How To Reduce Common Risks

Hull and deck fitting

RiskRecommendation
Corroded, worn or loose hoses and jubilee clipsMild steel clips should be replaced with a stainless steel alternative. Regular checks should be undertaken, testing tightness and for signs of corrosion. Double clips are preferable. Replace suspect hoses and check for chaffing
Blocked cockpit or locker drainsCheck regularly, especially during Autumn and Winter or following long periods of inactivity. Drains block easily and the heavy rain can cause sinking
Stiff, worn or corroded engine and steering controls. Can break at critical moments under loadInspect and replace as part of routine maintenance. Lubricate to ensure free running
Bilge pumps not operating;Test before leaving the boat, and on return or before journey. Heavy rain fall, leaking stern glands, and issues with weed hatches can result in water ingress that can quickly fill the boat and cause sinking.

Machinery and Engine Controls

RiskRecommendation
Rubber seal failure on sail or out-drive unitCheck regularly and replace in accordance with manufacturers recommendations
Stern gland or gaiter failureGradual wear and tear, so check packing and gaiter clips, which should be doubled up, and regularly grease.
Corroded or lost propeller locking pin, leading to loss of blade or blade drivesEnsure adequate cathodic protection and check during routine maintenance
Frost damage to engine and water heaters whilst your vessel is ashore or afloat. Split engine block, head or pipesSafeguard engine as per manufacturers instructions and drain down systems when laid up
Stiff, worn or corroded engine and steering controls. Can break at critical moments under load.Inspect and replace as part of routine maintenance. Lubricate and ensure free running.
Loose or worn engine mounts/ brackets or boltsCheck regularly or before a journey. Symptom is usually an increase in vibration. Can result in misalignment causing damage to prop, stern gear and other complications.
Ensure Batteries are secure; in a suitable storage compartment and use straps where required.Batteries that are not secure can move when on a journey, in sever cases this can result in a short circuit condition if they come in to contact with one another, or a metal surface. This can result in fire, cables overheating or batteries exploding.

Fire and Fire Extinguishers

RiskRecommendation
Gas leaks from valve, piping, cooker, heater or fridge leading to fire or explosionBottles should be stored upright in a self venting compartment. Gas cylinder valves must be firmly shut when not in use. Check for corrosion replacement should only be undertaken by a qualified Gas Safety Engineer. If a gas or fuel leak is suspected:

  • turn off pilot lights
  • do not use electrical equipment
  • do not smoke

Ventilate as much as possible and use a hand pump to remove any residual gas

Out of date, poorly installed or discharged automatic extinguishersThese will not operate when a fire is detected and may invalidate your policy. Ensure they are located in obvious and useful locations
Inadequate containers for petrol storage; incorrect use of spare gas cylindersOnly use cans designed for carrying petrol. Never use an open container to hold or transfer fuel or to mix petrol and 2 stroke oil. Make certain spare gas cylinders are properly secured and cannot break free in bad weather
Blocked or inefficient ventilation; leaking exhaustsFor engine heaters, stoves or fridges ensure that exhausts are in good condition. Poor ventilation could prove fatal for you or your passengers

Theft and general security

RiskRecommendation
Break-insNever leave your boat unlocked, even for short periods. Remove expensive items from view. Check yard security and lock hatches. Do not leave your boat on exposed or unsafe mooring
Theft of outboard, tender, generator and other exterior equipmentUse a purpose manufactured locking device on outboard. Store equipment below deck when left for long periods. Mark with visible security coding. Keep a record of the serial numbers of outboard motors and other expensive items. Fit strong locks to main hatches and a wheel clamp to trailers whilst left unattended
Boarding when travelling through urban areasWhen travelling through urban areas on the inland waterways especially during school areas there is a high risk of boarding by groups intent on theft or vandalism. To avoid this keep doors and windows shut and locked, remove all valuables from sight and store belongings i.e bikes below decks.
Do not travel at night.

Heaters and Dehumidifiers

RiskRecommendation
FireLow voltage “Greenhouse” heaters should be used, rather than domestic bar heaters

Dehumidifiers should be suitable for continuous use and regularly checked, with filters changed as necessary

Devices of this type should be secure, with a stable power supply and have cut-out devices

Navigational Errors

RiskRecommendation
Grounding claims; becoming stranded on weirs, low bridges or in shallow waters.Apply proper passage planning. Have charts for intended cruising area; always think ahead and keep aware of weather forecast.
Collisions with other boats or stationary objectsPlan well ahead and maintain. Proceed with caution when visibility is poor or your or you are in congested waters
Boarding when travelling through urban areasDon’t undertake too demanding a trip and be aware that claims resulting from being ‘drunk’ or under the ‘influence of drugs’ will be excluded
Damage and injury in locksEnsure all crew are fully (shore side and lock side). Do not leave the unattended as waters rise or fall. Be aware of position of sills. Leave the lock as you would expect to find it

Laying up and Launching Hazards

RiskRecommendation
Theft and vandalism whilst ashoreWhen ashore in winter months, boats are prone to theft of equipment and vandalism. Choose a yard with good security and reputation. Remove all valuables and leave cupboards and draws ajar
Through hull fittings, pipes, flooring and stairs not properly replaced after lay upDouble check all through hull fittings prior to launch; close sea cocks. Compile own check list. Be there when your boat is launched